Tennessee River and Moccasin Bend

Tennessee River and Moccasin Bend (HM1419)

Location: Chattanooga, TN 37409 Hamilton County
Country: United States of America

N 35° 0.759', W 85° 20.629'

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Here the Tennessee River makes a sweeping, clockwise loop around Moccasin Bend. In 1863, vital supplies were brought to the besieged Federals in Chattanooga across the "neck" of Moccasin Bend, using pontoon bridges at the two river crossings.

The Cracker Line

Union forces opened a supply line into the besieged city of Chattanooga in late October 1863. Known as the "Cracker Line," it brought the weary Federals ammunition and food, including the soldiers staple - "hardtack" crackers.

The newly appointed Union commander, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, prepared to fight as reinforcements arrived. Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's detachment arrived in early October, and Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's in mid-November.

In the face of this Union build-up, Gen. Braxton Bragg, commander of the Confederate army, committed a costly error. He sent a portion of his army off to attack Union troops in at Knoxville, thereby weakening his grip on Chattanooga.
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Details
HM NumberHM1419
Tags
Placed ByChickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 17th, 2014 at 2:23am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 651113 N 3875699
Decimal Degrees35.01265000, -85.34381667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 0.759', W 85° 20.629'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 0' 45.54" N, 85° 20' 37.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 8895 Bluff Trail, Chattanooga TN 37409, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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