Stockade Historic District

Stockade Historic District (HM13XJ)

Location: Schenectady, NY 12305 Schenectady County
Country: United States of America

N 42° 48.982', W 73° 56.525'

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Inscription
The Seventeenth Century
The Schenectady Stockade is one of the oldest communities in America. Founded by the Dutch on land purchased from the Mohawk Indians in 1661, it came under English rule three years later. From the earliest days a timber stockade wall enclosed the settlement; however, in 1690 a massacre and fire destroyed the village in the first of the colonial wars. With the help of the Mohawks, undaunted settlers rebuilt before the new century.

The Eighteenth Century
The village thrived with farming, fur trading, and boat building on the Mohawk River bank. It became a commercial transportation and military center. Schenectadians contributed significantly to the development of the west. They played an important role during the colonial wars and the Revolutionary War, after which the third stockade wall was removed. Union College, founded in 1795, was first located in the Stockade.
The Nineteenth Century
Two events changed the commercial life of the Stockade. In 1819 a disastrous fire destroyed businesses near the Mohawk River, and several years later the Erie Canal provided water transportation outside the old stockade boundaries. Businesses rebuilt in a new par of town. Community life still centered in the Stockade; but the area continued as mainly residential, retaining a diverse architectural legacy of houses, churches, and public buildings.

The Twentieth Century
In 1962 the Schenectady Stockade became the first historic district in New York State. The city established it as a legally protected historic zone under a state enabling act. In 1973 the United States Department of the Interior entered the Stockade on the National Register of Historic Places. The national recognition affirms the historic and architectural significance of the Stockade and encourages the preservation of this important part of America's heritage.
Details
HM NumberHM13XJ
Series This marker is part of the Erie Canal series
Tags
Year Placed1998
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 12th, 2014 at 5:11pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 586485 N 4740965
Decimal Degrees42.81636667, -73.94208333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 48.982', W 73° 56.525'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 48' 58.92" N, 73° 56' 31.50" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)518
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1015 Erie Blvd, Schenectady NY 12305, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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