— The First Campaign —(Preface):In the spring of 1861, Union forces rushed into northwestern Virginia to secure the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, protect important turnpikes, and support Unionists against Confederates. The two sides fought numerous engagements between June and December. They included Philippi (the war's first land battle), Rich Mountain, Corricks Ford, Cheat Summit Fort, Carnifex Ferry, and Camp Allegheny. The many Union victories made Gen. George B. McClellan's reputation and damaged that of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee - a situation reversed in 1862. Despite later Confederate raids, today's West Virginia remained largely under Federal control for the rest of the war.
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|Series||This marker is part of the West Virginia Civil War Trails series|
|Placed By||West Virginia Civil War Trails|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Thursday, October 23rd, 2014 at 10:57am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||17S E 582312 N 4334753|
|Decimal Degrees||39.15810000, -80.04730000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 39° 9.486', W 80° 2.838'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||39° 9' 29.16" N, 80° 2' 50.28" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 101 College Park Dr, Philippi WV 26416, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|