Cameron's Depot Engagement

Cameron's Depot Engagement (HM13OI)

Location: Charles Town, WV 25414 Jefferson County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 17.436', W 77° 54.516'

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"What news now?"

— 1864 Valley Campaign —

(Preface):
The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated Early at Winchester in September and Cedar Creek in October, burned mills and bars, and crushed the remnants of Early's force at Waynesboro on March 2, 1865. Sheridan's victories contributed to President Abraham Lincoln's reelection in November 1864 and denied Gen. Robert E. Lee's army much-needed provisions from the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy."

Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan and Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early jockeyed for position in the Shenandoah Valley for several weeks in July 1864. With Gen. Robert E. Lee reinforcing Early, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered Sheridan to remain on the defensive and protect his army. Sheridan moved his army north from Berryville to prepared works a Halltown, a movement that convinced Early, erroneously, that Sheridan was "timid".

On Sunday, August 21, 1864, as Sheridan marched to Halltown, Early attacked Sheridan's mile-and-a half long position on the hills here with Gen Robert E. Rodes's infantry division. The fight lasted from about 9 A.M. until dusk, and the hottest action took place here. In Washington at 3 P.M., an anxious Lincoln telegraphed an officer in Harpers Ferry "What news now?"

The fight here resulted in 260 Union casualties and 160 for the Confederates. The victories that Lincoln needed for reelection came first in September at Atlanta, Georgia, and then in the Valley, thanks to the "timid" Sheridan.

This ruin is the northwestern corner of Locust Hill, he home of John B. and Lucy W. Packett. They and their slaves sheltered inside until Lt. Henry J. Nichols, 1s Vermont Heavy Artillery, led them to safety at Henry B. Davenport's House. Nine Confederate artillery shells struck Locust Hill and set it on fire twice as Federal sharpshooters occupied the second floor. The house burned in 1973, killing six people.
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Details
HM NumberHM13OI
Series This marker is part of the West Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByWest Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 9th, 2014 at 3:36pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 249151 N 4353059
Decimal Degrees39.29060000, -77.90860000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 17.436', W 77° 54.516'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 17' 26.16" N, 77° 54' 30.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 120 Sheriden Dr, Charles Town WV 25414, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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