The Metropolitan Branch and Takoma Park

The Metropolitan Branch and Takoma Park (HM13NC)

Location: Takoma Park, MD 20912 Montgomery County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 58.94', W 77° 1.273'

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Inscription
Geology
This section of the trail is on the border of two physiographic provinces, the Coastal Plain and the Piedmont Region, display traces of two different times on Earth.

The Coastal Plain stretches south and east from where you are standing to the Atlantic Ocean. This area of the Coastal Plain is composed of gravel, sand and silt from the Lower Cretaceous Period (150 million years ago), the last period of dinosaurs and the first period of flowering plants.

The Piedmont Region extends north and west through Silver Spring to Catoctin mountain. This region is much older, dating back to the Early Cambrian Period (Approximately 500 million years ago), There was life for 3 billion years before this time but this period generated the earliest abundance of diverse fossils that represent the lineages of almost all modern animals, sparking scientists to define this time as the Cambrian Explosion.

During the Cambrian Period this area was separated from North America by an ancient ocean and was closer to or even part of Africa. Gradually, over 200 million years, the land collided with North America and created the Appalachian Mountains.

The land continues to change today. Although most changes are too slow to observe in a lifetime, others such as erosion around Sligo Creek and Rock Creek, can be seen after a strong rainstorm.

History
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) completed the Metropolitan Branch in 1873, creating a westward railway connection from Washington, DC to the main line of the B&O. Ten years later Takoma Park began developing as on of DC's first commuter suburbs. The Community straddled the DC/Maryland border, expanding in both directions from the train station. Businesses appeared on 4th Street near the rail crossing and soon after at Carroll and laurel Avenue following the introduction of of trolley lines running into DC and down to Sligo Creek. By 1913, Takoma Park was the largest city in Montgomery County, Maryland.

Details
HM NumberHM13NC
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 24th, 2014 at 4:15am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 324928 N 4316759
Decimal Degrees38.98233333, -77.02121667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 58.94', W 77° 1.273'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 58' 56.40" N, 77° 1' 16.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 7350-7598 Takoma Ave, Takoma Park MD 20912, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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