The Women's Jail, 1872-1888

The Women's Jail, 1872-1888 (HM13FR)

Location: Fort Smith, AR 72901 Sebastian County
Country: United States of America

N 35° 23.338', W 94° 25.756'

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Inscription
After the U.S. Army closed Fort Smith in 1871, the guardhouse served the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas. It remained in use as a jail, detaining primarily women suspected or convicted of federal crimes until 1888. At that time, the court moved quarters for female prisoners into the courthouse/jail building. Although not as numerous as their male counterparts, female prisoners were no novelty in Fort Smith. They committed the same crimes as men in the Indian Territory, ranging from illegal sale of whiskey to murder. When convicted, they received the same sentences - fines, jail time or death by hanging. From 1873 through 1874 the guardhouse also briefly functioned as "Death Row" by holding the men condemned to die on the gallows.
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Details
HM NumberHM13FR
Tags
Placed ByFort Smith National Historic Site National Park Services, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 27th, 2014 at 11:12am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 370192 N 3917117
Decimal Degrees35.38896667, -94.42926667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 23.338', W 94° 25.756'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 23' 20.28" N, 94° 25' 45.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)501, 479
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 102 Garrison Ave, Fort Smith AR 72901, US
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