Battles of Falling Waters

Battles of Falling Waters (HM13EL)

Location: Falling Waters, WV 25419 Berkeley County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 33.576', W 77° 53.292'

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Inscription

"A splendid falls"

During the Civil War, the strategically important Valley Turnpike crossed the stream just above the small waterfall here. Two battles were fought nearby. The first occurred on July 2, 1861, half a mile south on the Porterfield Farm. On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under General Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched south toward Martinsburg. Colonel Thomas J. Jackson (soon to be nicknamed "Stonewall") ordered his command northward from the town, fought a brief delaying action on the farm, and then fell back. Because this stream was the last body of water encountered by the Federals before engaging the Confederates, the fight was named for Falling Waters, following the Union convention of naming battles for natural features.

The second engagement took place after the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, when part of General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia retreated over a pontoon bridge that crossed the Potomac River approximately 150 feet south of the mouth of this stream. On the morning of July 14, after most of the troops had crossed, Union cavalrymen attacked two infantry divisions still on the Maryland side of the river. This fight, which is also known as Falling Waters, resulted in the capture of a large number of Confederates and the mortal wounding of Confederate General James J. Pettigrew, whose troops had participated in Pickett's Charge in Gettysburg.

During the war, a gristmill stood here. The large railroad bridge and embankment were built after the war.

"Well I'll tell you we are down in old Virginie near a place called Falling Waters, so called on account of a splendid falls nearby. They say the water falls from a height of 45 or 50 feet over the rocks making a beautiful waterfall." - Seargent Andrew Malseed, twenty third Penn. Volunteer Infantry, June 19, 1861
Details
HM NumberHM13EL
Series This marker is part of the West Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByWest Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker Condition
7 out of 10 (1 reports)
Date Added Sunday, September 21st, 2014 at 1:15pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 251867 N 4382863
Decimal Degrees39.55960000, -77.88820000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 33.576', W 77° 53.292'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 33' 34.56" N, 77° 53' 17.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 17-19 Co Rte 11/16, Falling Waters WV 25419, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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I Saw The Marker

Beautiful spot.

Jun 1, 2015 at 12:44pm PDT by smbarrett

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