Captain Lincoln of the Illinois Militia Volunteers had many new responsibilities including discipline and drawing supplies. Accounting for supplies was an old military tradition. Lincoln drew supplies for his men including thirty muskets and thirty bayonets. Quatermaster records show Lincoln returned 26 muskets and many less bayonets. Military issued weapons were valuable and traceable due to serial numbers. Bayonets, often considered fancy knives were not numbered and represented metal which was a rare commodity on the Illinois frontier. No records exist of efforts to hold Lincoln accountable for this loss or discrepancy.
In 1805, the Sauk and Fox tribes ceded fifty million acres in northwestern Illinois for a $1,000 annuity. The tribes were forced into Iowa. However, Black Hawk did not believe land could be sold and felt his people could return to Illinois at will. In 1831 Black Hawk crossed into Illinois to plant corn. Gov. John Reynolds called for a 700-man volunteer army, which assembled at Beardstown and marched to Rock Island. Black Hawk withdrew. A new treaty was signed, stipulating the tribes would not return to Illinois without permission, but the winter hunt of 1831-32 was a failure, and the Iowa prairie had not been broken to allow the planting of corn. Hungry and desperate, the sixty-five-year-old Black Hawk led 450 warriors and 1,500 women and children back into Illinois at Yellow Banks (Oquawka) in early 1832, thus igniting the Black Hawk War.
Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||15T E 719436 N 4433296|
|Decimal Degrees||40.02136667, -90.42861667|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 40° 1.282', W 90° 25.717'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||40° 1' 16.92" N, 90° 25' 43.02" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 3081 Sangamon St, Beardstown IL 62618, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|