Lincoln gave a strong speech against the Kansas-Nebraska Act on the Jacksonville Square the evening of September 2, 1854. Penned by Stephen A. Douglas, this Act allowed a territory to decide whether it would be free or slave. It became known as the doctrine of'popular sovereignty." Lincoln stood unalterably opposed to the extension of slavery to the territories. When Lincoln became a key figure in the Republican Party of Illinois, he spoke at a Fremont for President rally held in Jacksonville. A nearby wall mural depicts this mass meeting in the Court House yard.These views depict the North and East sides of the Jacksonville Square in 1861. unlike most towns, Jacksonville did not locate its County Court House in the middle of its Square. The original Court House stood on the northwest corner of the Square. After this structure burned, the county built the brick building shown in the mural. It was regarded as one of the ugliest courthouses in the State of Illinois. Stephen A. Douglas served briefly here as Morgan County State's Attorney beginning in 1836. Although Lincoln was a lawyer on the Eighth Judicial Circuit, which did not include Morgan County, he appeared numerous times in cases tried in the brick courthouse. It was demolished after the current Second Empire Court House was constructed two blocks west of the square on State Street in 1868.
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|Series||This marker is part of the Illinois: Looking for Lincoln series|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Wednesday, September 24th, 2014 at 9:17pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||15S E 737445 N 4401941|
|Decimal Degrees||39.73431667, -90.22920000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 39° 44.059', W 90° 13.752'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||39° 44' 3.54" N, 90° 13' 45.12" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 202 N Sandy St, Jacksonville IL 62650, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|