1st California Regiment

1st California Regiment (HMT0)

Location: Leesburg, VA 20176 Loudoun County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 7.901', W 77° 31.637'

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Inscription
The 1st California was one of four regiments that made up the "California Brigade" commanded by Colonel Edward D. Baker, U.S. Senator from Oregon and close friend of President Lincoln. In April, 1861, Baker helped to organize what was intended to be a single regiment to represent California in the Union Army. The response was so large, however that four regiments were created and numbered 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 5th California (there was no 4th). As most of the recruiting was done around Philadelphia, the Governor of Pennsylvania objected to those men not counting in his state's quota of volunteers, and had these four regiments renamed the 71st, 69th, 72nd, and 106th Pennsylvania following the death of Colonel Baker here. Thus, the "California Brigade" became the "Philadelphia Brigade."

There are numerous accounts of Colonel Baker's death but no historical consensus or definative version. Confederate veteran Elijah White accurately summed this up when he wrote, "General (sic) Baker was killed ... no one knowing really who did it, although there was much romancing at the time."
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Details
HM NumberHMT0
Tags
Placed ByBall's Bluff Regional Park/Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 17th, 2014 at 2:00am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 281549 N 4334431
Decimal Degrees39.13168333, -77.52728333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 7.901', W 77° 31.637'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 7' 54.06" N, 77° 31' 38.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 540, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 505 Unnamed Road, Leesburg VA 20176, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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