The Beginning of "Stonewall" Jackson's Valley CampaignThe First Battle of Kernstown, fought by 10,000 Americans on March 23, 1862, was the first battle waged in the Shenandoah Valley. Throughout the morning, sixteen Union cannon crowned the knolls of Pritchard's Hill (the high ground immediately north of here) to hold an overmatched Confederate force in place. Shortly after noon, Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson delivered the remainder of his Confederate army to the battle. Relying on faulty intelligence, Jackson attacked a force that outnumbered him by 3,000 men. Unsuccessful in dislodging the Union artillery by direct assault, Jackson shifted his infantry and half of his artillery to a dominant ridge line one mile west of here and by 3:30 P.M. he exchanged fire with the Union cannon. Colonel Nathan Kimball, commanding the Union force here, sent 4,500 infantrymen to attack the new Confederate position. At sunset, the Union infantry routed Jackson's army and sent it streaming southward. Although Jackson suffered his only defeat at Kernstown, the U.S. War Department ordered an additional 15,000 soldiers to the Valley instead of other areas where they were sorely needed. This set the stage for Jackson's subsequent campaign, which made "Stonewall" Jackson the most famous military nickname in the Civil War.
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|Placed By||Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Monday, October 13th, 2014 at 8:56pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||17S E 742433 N 4336558|
|Decimal Degrees||39.14448333, -78.19478333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 39° 8.669', W 78° 11.687'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||39° 8' 40.14" N, 78° 11' 41.22" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 628 Kernstown Ct, Winchester VA 22601, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|