Colonel Joseph J. Bartlett, the Commander of the Second Brigade of Franklin's First Division, found himself in a curious position. As a brigade commander, Bartlett chose both the field across which Franklin's Corps would attack and the formation for the attack.
"I suggested the formation of the three brigades, in column of regiments, deployed, two regiments front, at 100 paces interval between lines (that would give us six lines); that the head of the column should be directed toward a point I indicated to him, (Franklin) at nearly right angles to the road which crossed the mountain, and in a direction to strike the highest point the road reached at the crest, it being the shortest line; that I would deploy the 27th N.Y. ... as skirmishers at the head of the column, and skirmish into the teeth of their line of battle, following with the head of the column at 100 paces; that I would not halt after giving the order forward until we reached the crest of the mountain if possible. These suggestions met with the General's approval and he based his written order upon them. I was to attack at the point and the manner indicated, take the crest of the mountain, and throw out a picket-line for the night."
Bartlett deployed the 27th New York as skirmishers, followed by the 5th Maine and 16th New York at 4:30 p.m. The troops moved across the field to a stone wall bordering the "Forest" farm about 250 yards from the Confederate line. Knowing his men could not hold that position long before exhausting their ammunition, Bartlett road back to find Newton's Brigade and ordered them up as replacements. Franklin then ordered Major General William F. "Baldy" Smith to anchor the left of the Federal line by placing a brigade south of the road. Smith sent the Vermont Brigade forward, at nearly full strength with five regiments. Colonel Alfred Torbert's Ne Jersey Brigade filled in the gap between the Vermonters and Bartlett. The Federal lines surged forward at 5:30 P.M., smashing the badly outnumbered Confederates and forcing them into headlong retreat towards Crampton's Gap.
Order of Battle
Confederate States of America
Col. Thomas T. Munford
2nd Va. Cav., 12th Va. Cav., Chew's Battery
Col. William A. Parham
6th Va., 12th Va., 16th Va., Portsmouth Light Arty
Brig. Gen. Paul J. Simmes
United States of America
Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin, VI Corps
Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum
1st N.J., 2nd N.J., 3rd N.J., 4th N.J.
27th N.Y., 5th Me, 16th N.Y., 96th Pa.
Brig. Gen. Newton
18th N.Y., 31st N.Y., 32nd N.Y., 95th Pa.
Maj. Gen. William F. (Baldy) SmithBrig. Gen. Brooks
2nd Vt., 3rd Vt (nc), 4th Vt., 5th Vt. (nc), 6th Vt.(nc)
Donated to the people of the United States by Donald & Kathrine Stokes-Shafer of Ohio.Presented to the people of the United States by the Board of Directors of the Blue and Gray Education Society, Colonel William C. Lowe, President.