Haymarket During the Civil War

Haymarket During the Civil War (HMC6)

Location: Haymarket, VA 20169 Prince William County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 48.74', W 77° 38.232'

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Inscription

"Pass Around Their Army Without Hindrance"

— Gettysburg Campaign —

On June 25, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and about 5,000 of his cavalrymen approachedHaymarket. They acted on orders from commanding Gen. Robert E. Lee, who was on the western side of the Bull Run Mountains marching north to invade Maryland and Pennsylvania. He directed Stuart to "pass around their [U.S.] army without hindrance" to screen the Army of Northern Virginia from observation as it crossed the Potomac River. Stuart took the intendedroute north through Haymarket on the advice of the noted partisan ranger Maj. John S. Mosby.

Here, Stuart and U.S. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps converged on the Old Carolina Road simultaneously. Hancock, too, was marchingnorth toward Leesburg. Stuart attacked the Federal wagon train and infantry, shelling them withsix cannons. This bombardment "scattered men,wagons, and horses in wild confusion," causingseveral Union casualties. The Federals regrouped,formed a battle line, and marched toward Stuart,forcing him to make a decision either to fight thelarger force or to retreat. Stuart decided to withdraw southwest toward Buckland Mills and senta courier to Lee detailing his change of plans.The courier never reached Lee with this vitalnews. Stuart began moving northward on a newroute that took him 60 miles away from his intended route and out of communication with Lee for eight critical days. The effect of the loss ofcontact between Lee and Stuart, his most trusted reconnaissance officer, on the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg has been debated ever since.
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Details
HM NumberHMC6
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 7th, 2014 at 2:51am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 271020 N 4299255
Decimal Degrees38.81233333, -77.63720000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 48.74', W 77° 38.232'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 48' 44.40" N, 77° 38' 13.92" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 15025 Washington St, Haymarket VA 20169, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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