Thaddeus Stevens Blacksmith Shop

Thaddeus Stevens Blacksmith Shop (HM7JP)

Location: Fayetteville, PA 17222 Franklin County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 54.407', W 77° 28.721'

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Inscription
The stone walls of this old building have withstood the adversities of time and people to stand in mute testament of historical events that helped shape a nation.

Built in 1837, partners John Paxton and Thaddeus Stevens erected a blacksmith shop along the Chambersburg Pike as part of the Caledonia Iron Works. Following the Battle of Gettysburg only the stone walls remained. The shop was rebuilt and operated until 1895, twenty years after the iron furnace closed.

Thaddeus Stevens, businessman, lawyer, congressman, and father of the 14th Amendment, is perhaps the most famous unknown person in American history. During the Civil War it was Stevens who kept pressure on President Lincoln to use African-Americans as soldiers and to free the slaves.

Following the burning of Steven's Caledonia Iron Works, now the site of Caledonia State Park, Stevens provided support for the unemployed families for as long as three years.

A Virginian, West Point graduate and state legislator, Jubal Early voted against secession, but returned to the army in defense of his state. Against direct orders not to destroy private property during the invasion of Pennsylvania, General Early, finding in his way the iron works of Congressman Stevens, who was advocating the most vindictive measures of confiscation and devastation against the south stated, "I [am] determined to destroy them." On June 26, 1863, Early put the Caledonia Iron Works to the torch.
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Details
HM NumberHM7JP
Series This marker is part of the Lincoln Highway series
Tags
Placed ByLincoln Highway Heritage Corridor
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 12:08am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 288121 N 4420352
Decimal Degrees39.90678333, -77.47868333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 54.407', W 77° 28.721'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 54' 24.42" N, 77° 28' 43.26" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10243-10317 U.S. 30, Fayetteville PA 17222, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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