These barracks were constructed in the fashionable Georgian style of the day, uncommon in the northern interior of New York in the mid-18th century. The soldiers' barracks is composed of four dwelling units of four rooms. Each doorway opens into a hallway flanked by two rooms. Originally, the hall contained a stairway to two rooms on the second story.
Between twelve and eighteen soldiers occupied each room. Officers were allowed one or more rooms according to rank, and non-commissioned officers (subalterns) were quartered two to a room. Soldiers were allotted one-half cord of wood per room each week for cooking and heating, and one pound of candles for light. Six beds and twelve blankets were provided for a room housing twelve men, as were an iron pot, candlestick, bucket and axe. Clean sheets, when available, were issued once a month during the 1760s.