The Patriot Force Arrives

The Patriot Force Arrives (HM76W)

Location: Ninety Six, SC 29666 Greenwood County
Country: United States of America

N 34° 8.865', W 82° 1.134'

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May 21-22, 1781

After a series of disastrous defeats in South Carolina, George Washington, head of the Continental Army, took action. He named General Nathanael Greene to command Patriot forces in the South in December 1780. Greene drove into the backcountry hoping to take key Loyalist strongholds, like Ninety Six.

By May 22, 1781, Greene's troops descended on these grounds from the Island Ford Road in the rainy darkness. Soaked to the skin by a heavy spring rain, they toted heavy artillery, supplies, and tools. The troops consisted of Continental Army soldiers from Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, and North Carolina militia. This force of almost 1,000 split and fanned out around the town, converging on it from two directions to seal off access to food, water, and reinforcements.

But Lieutenant Colonel John Harris Cruger, the Loyalist commander garrisoned at Ninety Six, had expected Greene's arrival and prepared well. His defenses were strong. The arriving Patriots would have seen a town fortified with a strong stockade, blockhouses and bastions, as well as earthworks to protect the town's water supply. A large star-shaped fort defended the north side of town near the Island Ford Road.

As Greene's tired men set about establishing a camp near here on May 22, the commander pondered his options. He had inadequate artillery and no promise of reinforcements. On the advice of his chief engineer, he decided to launch a siege against the heart of the Loyalist defense: the Star Fort.
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Details
HM NumberHM76W
Tags
Year Placed2009
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 2nd, 2014 at 4:46pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 406068 N 3779007
Decimal Degrees34.14775000, -82.01890000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 8.865', W 82° 1.134'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 8' 51.90" N, 82° 1' 8.04" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)864
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1280 Star Fort, Ninety Six SC 29666, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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