Virginia Militia

Virginia Militia (HM74G)

Location: Yorktown, VA 23690 York County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 12.485', W 76° 29.793'

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Inscription

1781 Siege of Yorktown

— Colonial National Historical Park —

The approaching Season obliges me to recommend to you ? to use your utmost Efforts for furnishing the Virginia Troops with Cloathing. You will therefore ? adopt ? Measures to send them down immediately - As their Troops are to take the Right of the whole Army you will judge how necessary it is that they be enabled to make a decent if not a respectable Figure ?.
Governor Thomas Nelson, Jr. to Colonel William Davies, Commissioner of the War Office, September 27, 1781


Nearly 40 percent of the American forces at Yorktown were Virginia Militia troops. Brigadier General Thomas Nelson, Jr., who was also Virginia's governor, commanded the militia while also coordinating the state's efforts to supply food and military supplies to the American and French armies.

Militia units, the forerunner of the National Guard, were organized by their home counties, and served for short durations under state orders to meet immediate threats to their state. Over 3,500 men served with the Virginia Militia during the siege, providing labor to build fortifications, helping to man the siege lines, herding cattle to the encampments, and after the siege, escorting Cornwallis's army to prison camps.

After the siege, the units were demobilized. Despite the importance of their service, some of these men did not qualify for a pension based on their military service until 1832, over 50 years after the victory at Yorktown.
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Details
HM NumberHM74G
Tags
Placed ByColonial National Historical Park, National Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 10th, 2014 at 4:58am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 367202 N 4119005
Decimal Degrees37.20808333, -76.49655000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 12.485', W 76° 29.793'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 12' 29.10" N, 76° 29' 47.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2837-2951 Battlefield Tour Road, Yorktown VA 23690, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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