Ohio in the Civil War / Defending Ohio

Ohio in the Civil War / Defending Ohio (HM6C0)

Location: Columbus, OH 43215 Franklin County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 57.63', W 82° 59.917'

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Inscription

The Ohio National Guard and the 37th (Buckeye) Infantry Division

Ohio in the Civil War. With five army camps in Columbus, Capitol Square was a military crossroads from 1861 to 1865. Ohio troops were mustered, paid, and on some occasions garrisoned at the Statehouse. Three of every five male Ohioans between the ages of 18 and 45 served in the Civil War. Ohio's contribution to the war effort was enormous, supplying almost 320,000 soldiers to the Union Army, representing 230 regiments and 26 independent artillery batteries. More than 35,000 soldiers died during the war, and 30,000 more were disabled. Over one hundred fifty Ohio soldiers received the Congressional Medal of Honor for valor. Perhaps Ohio's greatest contribution to the war was to the Union leadership that won it: Generals Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, Philip H. Sheridan, and James B. McPherson, as well as Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and Secretary of the Treasury Salmon Chase, were all Ohioans.

The Ohio National Guard and the 37th (Buckeye) Infantry Division. Established in 1788 as the Northwest Territory Militia, the Ohio National Guard has played a vital role in the nation's major conflicts, beginning in 1794 at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. In the Civil War, Ohio volunteers distinguished themselves at the battles of Chickamauga and Gettysburg, among many others. During the 20th century, Ohio citizen soldiers went overseas as the 37th Infantry (Buckeye) Division, formed in July 1917 under Governor James Cox. Sent to France in World War I, the 37th fought in the Meuse-Argonne and St. Mihiel campaigns. In World War II the 37th was deployed to the South Pacific. Victorious in three major island battles, the division helped liberate Manila in 1945. From 1952 to 1954, the 37th provided troops for the Korean. Conflict as a training division. Between tours of active duty, the Buckeye Division served as Ohio's primary National Guard unit until its deactivation in 1968.
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Details
HM NumberHM6C0
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Tags
Marker Number80-25
Year Placed2003
Placed ByThe Ohio Bicentennial Commission, Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board, the 37th Division Veterans Association, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 7th, 2014 at 6:43pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 329294 N 4425285
Decimal Degrees39.96050000, -82.99861667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 57.63', W 82° 59.917'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 57' 37.80" N, 82° 59' 55.02" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)614, 513
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 28-64 E State St, Columbus OH 43215, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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