St. James Mission

St. James Mission (HM5OP)

Location: Vancouver, WA 98661 Clark County
Country: United States of America

N 45° 37.539', W 122° 39.933'

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Inscription

— Officers Row —

Many employees of Fort Vancouver were of French-Canadian descent, and had been raised as Roman Catholics. Separated by thousands of miles from their home parishe, these men pleaded with the Bishop of Quebec to send them priests.

The Reverend Francis Norbert Blanchet and the Reverend Modeste Demers arrived at Fort Vancouver in 1838 at the official request of Dr. John McLoughlin, and established the first Catholic mission in the Oregon Country. IN 1844, the Hudson's Bay company donated a tracte of land northwest of the fort for the construction of a proper mission. By 1872, the St. James Mission was recorded as containing 28 separate structures, including a church, orphanage, laundry, bake house, hospital, and college for boys.

The U.S. Army established Vancouver Barracks around the Mission claim, and legal wranglings on the ownership of the property were not resolved by the U.S. Supreme Court until 1895. The Mission was closed by the Army in 1887, when they forced the inhabitants to abandon the grounds. The church and most of the other buildings were destroyed by arson in 1888.
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Details
HM NumberHM5OP
Tags
Placed ByVancouver National Historic Reserve
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 11:08pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 526071 N 5052510
Decimal Degrees45.62565000, -122.66555000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 37.539', W 122° 39.933'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 37' 32.34" N, 122° 39' 55.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)360
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 638 Fort Vancouver Way, Vancouver WA 98661, US
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