Fairfax Station

Fairfax Station (HM5LM)

Location: Fairfax Station, VA 22039 Fairfax County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 48.027', W 77° 19.888'

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Inscription

"The angel of the battlefield."

The first Fairfax Station depot, built by Irish immigrants in 1852, was a stop on the Orangeand Alexandria Railroad from Alexandria to Gordonsville. Early in 1862, after Confederate forces withdrew, the railroad carried military suppliesand letters and packages from home to Union soldierscamped north of the Occoquan River and atnearby Fairfax Court House.

In Sept. 1862, wounded Union soldiers were transported here after the Second Battle ofManassas for evacuation to Alexandria and Washington, D.C., hospitals. Clara Barton, whoman army surgeon called"the true heroine ofthe age, the angel ofthe battlefield," and who founded the American Red Cross in 1881, nursed the soldiers here. She later wrote,"We were a little bandof almost empty-handed workers, literallyby ourselves, in the wild woods of Virginia, with3000 suffering dying men crowded upon the few acres within our reach."

Col. Herman Haupt, Chief of Construction and Transportation, ordered the depot burned after Barton and the last wounded soldiers were evacuated to Washington on Sept. 2, 1862. "Have fired it. Goodbye," Mr. McCrickett, a railroademployee, telegraphed Haupt. The Federals rebuilt the station just two months later. New York,Vermont, Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Delaware regiments guarded it against surprise attacks byConfederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Col. John S.Mosby until the end of the war.

New buildings completed in 1873, 1891,and 1903 served a growing Fairfax Station community. In the 1980s, the 1903 station was moved to this site. It houses the Fairfax Station Railroad Museum, opened in 1988 to educate visitorsabout railroading, Civil War, and local history.
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Details
HM NumberHM5LM
Series This marker is part of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad series, and the Virginia Civil War Trails series.
Tags
Year Placed2003
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 26th, 2014 at 12:45pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 297536 N 4297214
Decimal Degrees38.80045000, -77.33146667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 48.027', W 77° 19.888'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 48' 1.62" N, 77° 19' 53.28" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 11200 Fairfax Station Rd, Fairfax Station VA 22039, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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