Washington Rock

Washington Rock (HM4TV)

Location: Scotch Plains, NJ 07076 Somerset County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 36.765', W 74° 28.342'

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Washington Rock State Park

You are standing on a rocky outcrop that was a strategic lookout for General George Washington during the Revolutionary War. At that time, the land was mostly fields and meadows offering a clear view for 30 miles. In June of 1777, the ability to monitor British troop movements from this location proved crucial to the survival of the Continental Army.

In the spring of 1777, over 8,000 Continental troops were camped in the Watchung Mountains - 3 miles to your right. The high elevation and mountainous terrain provided good defensive cover for Washington's army. Despite several attempts by British General Howe to entice them down onto level ground to fight, General Washington refused to move from his secure mountain stronghold.

Frustrated that his tactics had failed, Howe moved his troops to Perth Amboy and then to Staten Island. The following day, observing that the coast was clear, Washington sent a contingent of men down to Quibbletown (now the New Market section of Plainfield).

Hearing of Washington's movements, Howe recalled his troops and organized and led a division to attack Quibbletown. General Cornwallis took another British division to circle behind the Continentals and cut off their retreat route to the mountains.

Watching these maneuvers from this lookout and realizing what the British were attempting, Washington ordered his troops to return immediately and refortify their mountain positions. This action assuredly saved the Continental Army from a disastrous defeat.
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Details
HM NumberHM4TV
Tags
Placed ByWashington Rock State Park - State of New Jersey
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 16th, 2014 at 4:36pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 544633 N 4495903
Decimal Degrees40.61275000, -74.47236667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 36.765', W 74° 28.342'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 36' 45.90" N, 74° 28' 20.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)201, 732, 908
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1160 Washington Ave, Scotch Plains NJ 07076, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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