Abatis Construction at Fort Lee

Abatis Construction at Fort Lee (HM4T5)

Location: Fort Lee, NJ 07024 Bergen County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 50.943', W 73° 57.845'

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Inscription
Fortifications were protected by obstacles, such as an abatis, or other major hindrances to assaulting troops. They were easily placed before a parapet, or breastwork, wherever trees were plentiful and were used to supplement defensive rampart walls or barricades.

Derived from the French word meaning heap of material thrown together, the abatis was built of piles of trees or large branches sharpened to a point and turned toward the enemy's approach. They were entangled to form an impassable barrier for cavalry and infantry.

At Fort Lee, maps show than an abatis was placed to provide protection from an assault from the northwest exposure.

The use of an abatis either alone or together with other entanglements, led to an extensive tree-chopping program to supply logs for these obstructions and for battery emplacements as well as to provide timber for huts and firewood for cooking and heating.

Bastion
Maps show that the fortification built on the high ground to the west was rectangular in shape with bastions at each corner. It undoubtedly was built to provide additional protection to the important batteries on the bluff and to prevent their capture by a land assault.
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Details
HM NumberHM4T5
Tags
Placed ByFort Lee Historic Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 13th, 2014 at 2:02am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 587321 N 4522516
Decimal Degrees40.84905000, -73.96408333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 50.943', W 73° 57.845'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 50' 56.58" N, 73° 57' 50.70" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)201
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 15-39 County Rd 505, Fort Lee NJ 07024, US
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