The 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regimentwas raised from sea island slaves living around Port Royal. Elements of the regiment were formed on HiltonHead in May 1862. In August 1862, the regiment was reorganized near Beaufort at the Smith plantation.It was commanded by the noted abolitionist ThomasW. Higginson who led the regiment on raids along theGeorgia coast. On Jan. 1, 1863, the regiment wasformerly mustered into the United States Army.The regiment saw extensive service on the SouthCarolina, Georgia and Florida Coasts. On Feb. 8,1864, the regiment was redesignated as the 33rd Infantry Regiment of the United States Colored Troops. The Regiment assisted in the occupation ofCharleston, Savannah, Augusta and other pointsuntil it was mustered out Jan. 31, 1866.