Oakland Manor

Oakland Manor (HM2ZD)

Location: Columbia, MD 21044 Howard County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 13.38', W 76° 51.257'

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Inscription

Home of the Howard Dragoons

Oakland was the family home of George R. Gaither, a successful Baltimore merchant who purchased the property in 1838. His son, George R. Gaither, Jr., served as captain of a local militia unit, the Howard Dragoons (mounted infrantrymen). Most of the Dragoons were landed gentry from throughout the county, many of them slave owners. Here they drilled, learning the intricate movements of mounted combat. On special occasions, such as Independence Day, the Dragoons staged parades for the residents of Ellicott's Mills.

After the Baltimore Riot of April 19, 1861, the Howard Dragoons assisted in keeping the peace there. Most of the men, however, refused to take the oath of allegiance to the United States. Armed with cavalry sabers and Colt's revolvers, in May they rode to Leesburg, Virginia, and joined the Confederate army. The unit served variously as Company K, 1st Virginia Cavalry, Company M, 1st Maryland Calvary, and finally Company K, 2nd Maryland Cavalry. Gaither was captured at Manassas Junction on August 27, 1862, and later exchanged. He sailed to Europe the next year on a mission for the Confederate government. After the war, he became a cotton trader.

Oakland Manor's Slaves
About 200,000 African Americans served in the U.S. Army and Navy during the Civil War, including dozens of men from Howard County. Mason, William, and Joseph Shipley were slaves who labored here and on neighboring farms when the Civil War began. In 1863, they enlisted in the 9th U.S. Colored Troops (USCT). William Shipley was killed in Deep Bottom near Richmond, Virginia, in August 1864.
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Details
HM NumberHM2ZD
Tags
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 8th, 2014 at 11:16pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 339933 N 4343161
Decimal Degrees39.22300000, -76.85428333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 13.38', W 76° 51.257'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 13' 22.80" N, 76° 51' 15.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410, 443, 301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5517-5587 Vantage Point Rd, Columbia MD 21044, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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