The Battle For Iwo Jima

The Battle For Iwo Jima (HM2PN)

Location: Arlington, VA 22209 Arlington County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 53.453', W 77° 4.252'

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Iwo Jima's location midway between Japan and American bomber bases in the Mariana Islands was key to both countries strategies. Since the summer of 1944, American long-range B-29 bombers had been flying 2,700 miles to strike the Japanese Home Islands. Many of these unescorted bombers fell prey to Japanese defenses and were lost at sea. With Iwo Jima's airfields in American hands, U. S. fighter planes could escort bombing missions and damaged bombers could use the island as a sanctuary.

The Japanese were well prepared for this battle and would defend the island to their death. The Marines had the ability to take the island but, the question was, at what cost?

The battle for Iwo Jima lasted from February 19 to March 26, 1945. Over 70,000 troops, mostly Marines, engaged over 21,000 Japanese defenders. Nearly 20,000 Marines and sailors were wounded and almost 7,000 killed during the battle. Only 1,100 Japanese troops survived. The capture of Iwo Jima produced immediate benefits to the strategic bombing campaign. By war's end, 2,400 B-29s made forced landings on the island.
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Details
HM NumberHM2PN
Tags
Placed ByThe National Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 27th, 2014 at 12:05pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 320396 N 4306706
Decimal Degrees38.89088333, -77.07086667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 53.453', W 77° 4.252'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 53' 27.18" N, 77° 4' 15.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 202, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 18 US Marine Memorial Cir, Arlington VA 22209, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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