Oakland

Oakland (HM2O2)

Location: Oakland, MD 21550 Garrett County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 24.612', W 79° 24.516'

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Inscription

Confederate Railroad Raid

On Sunday, April 26, 1863, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill's partisan rangers under Col. A. W. Harman attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad facilities here in Oakland. They were part of Confederate Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones' incursion into West Virginia and Maryland to hamper the rail movements of Federal troops and supplies.

The town was defended by Company O, 6th West Virginia Infantry, a Preston County unit. The Confederates arrived about 11 a.m. and surprised the garrison. When Oakland's citizens emerged from church services, they found the town in possession of the Southerners. The Union commander, Capt. Godwin, was captured at the Lutheran Church on Green Street, and one by one, three more officers and fifty-seven soldiers were rounded up.

Apparently, only one shot was fired in Oakland, when Confederates who thought that a Union officer was recuperating at the Glades Hotel fired a warning shot from a small cannon past the building. After they turned the gun to face the hotel, the manager came out and begged them to inspect the interior rather than opening fire. They found no Federal officer in the building. Meanwhile, a few Confederates rode west to the Youghiogheny River railroad bridge, where they captured the guards at Fort Alice, disarmed them, and burned the bridge.
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Details
HM NumberHM2O2
Series This marker is part of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) series, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series.
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 2nd, 2014 at 7:41pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 637006 N 4363506
Decimal Degrees39.41020000, -79.40860000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 24.612', W 79° 24.516'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 24' 36.72" N, 79° 24' 30.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 104 E Liberty St, Oakland MD 21550, US
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