Battle of Brandy Station

Battle of Brandy Station (HM2BN)

Location: Brandy Station, VA 22714 Culpeper County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 31.293', W 77° 51.939'

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The Largest Cavalry Battle of the Civil War

Confederate horsemen numbering 9500 under the command of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart were concentrated around Brandy Station in preparation of the upcoming raid into Pennsylvania - which would culminate at Gettysburg. The Federal army, being aware of the sizable number of Confederate cavalry in this vicinity, sent Gen. Alfred Pleasonton with a force of about 8,000 cavalry and 3,000 infantry with instructions to converge on Brandy Station in two wings and attack.

About 4:30 a.m. on June 9, 1863, 5,500 Union soldiers splashed across the fog-shrouded Rappahannock River at Beverly's Ford (2 1/4 miles to your right front) surprising the Confederate outposts. Southern horsemen, awakened by the sound of gunfire, hastily rode into the fray partially dressed and often riding bareback. Confederate artillerymen settled into a formidable position here astride the Beverly's Ford Road. The 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry led an unsuccessful charge across the field to your front, although troopers reached the very muzzles of the Confederate cannon.

As Federal soldiers in this area sought another way around the insurmountable artillery line, a second Federal wing suddenly appeared in the town of Brandy Station (two miles to your left rear) and behind this Confederate position.

The Southerners began shifting forces to meet this new threat. A series of grand mounted charges and counter-charges in classic cavalry style swept back and forth across a ridge known as Fleetwood Hill. After dispersing the threat at Brandy Station, the Confederates turned their attention again to the enemy force that had initiated the battle and launched a counterattack near Yew Ridge (two miles to your left front). The Federals were ordered to withdraw from the field just as the counterattack began.

Despite being surprised by their adversaries twice in the same day, the Confederates were able to retain the field. Union losses numbered 866, Confederate casualties were reported to be 575.
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Details
HM NumberHM2BN
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 18th, 2014 at 11:51am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 250172 N 4267577
Decimal Degrees38.52155000, -77.86565000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 31.293', W 77° 51.939'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 31' 17.58" N, 77° 51' 56.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 13106-13198 State Rte 676, Brandy Station VA 22714, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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