Columbia Historical

Columbia Historical (HM1WLC)

Location: Columbia, SD 57433 Brown County
Country: United States of America

N 45° 36.303', W 98° 18.651'

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Inscription

1879

Located at the mouth of Elm River, Columbia has a notable history.
Here was the wintering place of Waneta "Cuthead Band"of Yanctonaise Sioux.
Here was the site of the scout's camp from which in 1866, Sam J. Brown
started his famous "ride in the blizzard" to Ft. Wadsworth. In 1877 Clarence
D. Johnson came and built the first house in Brown County 2 1/2 miles SE.

Julia LaFrombois' half-breed script, the first instrument filed of record
in Brown County, was the basis for Byron M. Smith and Bottineau to locate
a townsite here early in 1879, long before Thomas M. Marshall surveyed the
township in August and called the store thereon the Richmond Store. John
R. James, Columbia's first postmaster on February 12, 1880 and Don McKenzie
ran the "store" for Smith; who envisioned a dam and power site below the
Elm, which some Iowa men took over without his leave and in August 1879,
when Marshall surveyed, had a 10-foot dam to show for their industry.
Governor Ordway appointed Johnson, James and McKenzie the first County
Commissioners for Brown County, who promptly organized the county
September 14, 1880, and named Columbia county seat. Columbia soon was a
thriving town with a steamboat line to LaMoure and the "Nettie Baldwin",
hauled overland to Columbia, made regular river trips starting in June 1883.

Aberdeen
deeply craved the county seat and by legislative gerrymandering;
frequent elections, several court actions, finally, after 7 years
won a legal election and got the coveted prize in July 1887.
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Details
HM NumberHM1WLC
Tags
Year Placed1960
Placed ByR.R. Dennert, Fred W. Hatterscheidt and the State Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, January 23rd, 2017 at 9:01am PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14T E 553740 N 5050398
Decimal Degrees45.60505000, -98.31085000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 36.303', W 98° 18.651'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 36' 18.18" N, 98° 18' 39.06" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)605
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Co Rd 11, Columbia SD 57433, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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