The Battle of Campbell Station Historical

The Battle of Campbell Station Historical (HM1WJQ)

Location: Knoxville, TN 37934 Knox County
Country: United States of America

N 35° 53.267', W 84° 10.033'

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History of the Farragut Area

On Nov. 4, 1863, Lt. Gen. James Longstreet — with two divisions, about 5,000 cavalry and approximately 12,000 troops — was detached from the Confederate Army of Tennessee near Chattanooga to attack Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Union Department of the Ohio troops at Knoxville. Knoxville was a vital stronghold for both armies as it was where supplies for the South were brought in from Virginia by rail.

Although opposing forces first confronted each other briefly at Loudon, it was just the start of the race to Knoxville. With approximately 5,000 troops, General Burnside's Union forces, although greatly outnumbered by Longstreet's troops, were ordered to draw the Confederate army to Campbell Station and delay their advance to Knoxville. This strategic site was chosen by Burnside as a defensive location due to its high ground.

On a cold and miserable Nov. 16, the battle began. Under General Burnside, the Union troops arrived first with barely enough time to set up defenses on the high ground near the present day intersection of Concord Road and Kingston Pike. After six hours of heavy fighting, the Confederates failed to break through the Union line, and night fell. Total casualties were about 348 Confederate and 338 Union troops.

Delaying the Confederate forces enabled the Union troops already
in Knoxville to prepare fortifications. Through the night, Burnside's division continued to race Longstreet towards Knoxville, taking them away from General Braxton Bragg to the south. Successful in their mission to delay the Confederate's offensive, Union troops continued to Knoxville to join forces in the successful defense of the city. The Battle of Campbell Station was described by one officer as being, from beginning to end, the "prettiest little fight" ever fought.
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Details
HM NumberHM1WJQ
Tags
Placed ByFarragut Museum
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, January 17th, 2017 at 5:02pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 755706 N 3975209
Decimal Degrees35.88778333, -84.16721667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 53.267', W 84° 10.033'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 53' 16.02" N, 84° 10' 1.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)865
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 317 N Campbell Station Rd, Knoxville TN 37934, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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