Third oldest county in Alabama.
Created in 1809 while still part
of Mississippi Territory.
Named for Abraham Baldwin (1754-1807)
founder of University of Georgia,
delegate to Constitutional Convention,
member of Congress, 1789-1807.
County once lay west of Tombigbee River;
after series of boundary changes,
now lies east of Mobile and Alabama Rivers.
County seat at Bay Minette since 1901;
earlier at McIntosh Bluff, Blakely, Daphne
Long a center of conflicting claims:
by Spain, France, and England;
by royal governors of Florida, Louisiana,
Carolina, Georgia, West Florida until
Mississippi Territory formed in 1798
and from it, Alabama Territory in 1817.
In struggle for control of the Southeast,
many armies have camped in area:
1558-DeLuna, Spanish colonizer
1719-Bienville, French colonizer
1780-Galvez, Spanish conqueror
1813-Red Eagle, Indian revolter
1814-Jackson, American defender
1815-Packenham, British invader
1864-Maury, Confederate defender
1865-Canby, Federal invader