Benedictus de Spinoza (1632-1677), Amsterdammer, Filosoof/Philosopher Historical

Benedictus de Spinoza (1632-1677), Amsterdammer, Filosoof/Philosopher Historical (HM1WH7)

Location: Amsterdam, Noord-Holland 1011 Amsterdam
Country: Netherlands

N 52° 22.073', E 4° 53.952'

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Spinoza is op deze plaats als zoon van joodse vluchtelingen geboren. Zijn belangrijkste werk is de Ethica. Daarin verwerpt hij alle traditionele voorstellingen van God en stelt hij dat de ogenschijnlijk chaotische natuur is onderworpen aan onveranderlijke natuurwetten, die ook gelden voor mens en maatschappij. Met behulp van de wiskunde kunnen we die wetten kennen en door ons leven daarmee in overeenstemming te brengen worden wij gelukkig. Spinoza's denkbeelden over de vrijheid van meningsuiting, tolerantie en democratie zijn nog steeds actueel. 'Het doel van de staat is de vrijheid' vat zijn politieke filosofie samen. Het kunstwerk, een initiatief van de Stichting Spinoza Monument, is gerealiseerd door Nicolas Dings (1953) en bestaat uit een terrazzo podium waarop zich naast de bronzen figuur van Spinoza een icosaëder van natuursteen bevindt, die verwijst naar het slijpen van de geest. De vogels op de mantel symboliseren de multiculturele samenleving van Amsterdam, waarin de van verre komende halsbandparkiet naast de inheemse mus een plaats heeft. Het beeld is op 24 november 2008 onthuld door burgemeester Job Cohen en cultuurwethouder Carolien Gehrels en eert Spinoza als het begin van de Verlichting en voorloper van de moderne samenleving.
Spinoza was born at this site as the son of Jewish refugees. His most important work is
Ethics, in which he rejected all traditional conceptions of God and stated that nature's apparent chaos is governed by immutable natural laws, which also apply to man and society. With the help of mathematics, we can know these laws and achieve happiness by living in harmony with them. Spinoza's ideas about freedom of speech, tolerance and democracy are still current. 'The purpose of the state is freedom' sums up his political philosophy. The artwork, an initiative of the Spinoza Monument Foundation, is by Nicolas Dings (b. 1953): It consists of a terrazzo platform upon which stands the bronze figure of Spinoza and an icosahedron of polished granite, referring to the sharpening of the mind. The birds on the cloak, in which ring-necked parakeets from faraway places intermingle with native sparrows, symbolize Amsterdam's multicultural society. The sculpture, which was unveiled on November 24th 2008 by Mayor Job Cohen and Cultural Councillor Carolien Gehrels, honours Spinoza as the beginning of the Enlightenment and precursor of modern society.
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Details
HM NumberHM1WH7
Tags
Year Placed2008
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, January 12th, 2017 at 1:01am PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)31U E 629303 N 5803653
Decimal Degrees52.36788333, 4.89920000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 52° 22.073', E 4° 53.952'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds52° 22' 4.38" N, 4° 53' 57.12" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Amstel, Amsterdam Noord-Holland 1011, NL
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