Smoke, Coke, Coal, and Kaymoor Historical

Smoke, Coke, Coal, and Kaymoor Historical (HM1VZC)

Location: Lansing, WV 25862 Fayette County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 4.194', W 81° 4.566'

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Inscription

New River Gorge

In the early 1900's, mines and mining towns lined New River Gorge. One such town, Kaymoor, stood in the distance where the river disappears from view. Kaymoor typified New River's mining era.

For years New River Gorge's rugged remoteness defied mining. Miners and material could not arrive, coal could not profitably leave. Railroads changed that. When the C&O mainline was completed through New River Gorge in 1873, New River coal suddenly became reachable.

Companies flocked here. One, the Low Moor Iron Company of Virginia, needing fuel for its furnaces, built Kaymoor in 1899. For 26 years Kaymoor coal, in a refined form called coke, fueled Low Moor's furnaces.

In 1925, business misfortunes forced Low Moor to sell Kaymoor to huge Berwind-White Coal Mining Company. Thereafter, Kaymoor coal travelled the globe, much of it fueling U.S. Navy ships. Finally, with its once-rich coal seams depleted, Kaymoor closed for good in 1962.

(Inscription under the map on the bottom left) Kaymoor was actually two mines and four towns. Kaymoor One stood above the riverbend in the distance; Kaymoor Two was to your right where today's New River Bridge intersects the canyon slope. At each site, towns developed at the canyon top and bottom. Kaymoor One thrived and survived for 63 years. Kaymoor Two, much less productive, closed in
1926 after just 23 years of mining.

(Inscription under the image in the lower center) Best surviving photo of Kaymoor in its heyday, circa 1920. The hazy air undoubtedly results from constant coke oven and train smoke. Coke oven rows are in lower right.

(Inscription under the image in the upper right) Kaymoor One mining complex, 1947. Parts of these structures remain today.
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Details
HM NumberHM1VZC
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service US Department of Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, November 28th, 2016 at 9:05am PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 493324 N 4213573
Decimal Degrees38.06990000, -81.07610000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 4.194', W 81° 4.566'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 4' 11.64" N, 81° 4' 33.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 162 Visitor Center Rd, Lansing WV 25862, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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