Advancing On Richmond Historical

Advancing On Richmond Historical (HM1VK8)

Location: Richmond, VA 23231 Henrico County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 27.525', W 77° 22.6'

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Inscription

Engagement at Laurel Hill Church

—Siege of Petersburg & Richmond 1864-1865 —

(preface)
For almost ten months beginning in mid-June 1864, the Army of the Potomac besieged the cities of Petersburg and Richmond from the east and south. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered the Union fortifications extended west of Petersburg and launched frequent attacks there and near Richmond, forcing Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee to stretch his thin defensive lines and move his outnumbered troops to counter the attacks. 0n April 3, 1865, Lee evacuated his army west after the Federal breakthrough at Petersburg, and the Union army occupied both cities.


(main text)
Laurel Hill Church marked the farthest extent of the Federal advance west toward Richmond during the two-pronged attacks on the city's Confederate defenses on September 29, 1864. After helping capture New Market Heights (two miles east), Union Gen. Robert S. Foster's X Corps division reached this location early in the afternoon. Foster found that the 3rd Richmond Howitzers and Confederate Gen. Martin W. Gary's dismounted Confederate cavalry blocked New Market Road. Foster formed his brigades in two lines and advanced. Although the Federals endured devastating fire from the roadway and from nearby Fort Gilmer (two miles southeast), the assault overwhelmed the Confederate position on New Market Road.

Instead of advancing
toward Richmond, Foster chose to silence Fort Gilmer. U.S. Colored Troops (USCT), who had fought earlier in the morning's victory at New Market Heights, soon joined the attack on the fort. The Confederates repulsed the assault and abruptly ended the Federal strike at Richmond.

(sidebar)
Laurel Hill Methodist Church (built 1857) served a rural congregation. The church may have taken its name from nearby laurel trees. The building was operated as a field hospital after the battles on September 29, 1864, and survived the war. The original church was destroyed by fire in 1951.

(captions)
Gen. Robert S. Foster Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. Martin W. Gary Courtesy Duke University
Unidentified soldier, Richmond Howitzers Courtesy Library of Congress
Laurel Hill Church, by artist Edna Shiflet Courtesy Laurel Hill Church
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Details
HM NumberHM1VK8
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, November 8th, 2016 at 5:03pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 289794 N 4148417
Decimal Degrees37.45875000, -77.37666667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 27.525', W 77° 22.6'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 27' 31.5" N, 77° 22' 36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1919 New Market Rd, Richmond VA 23231, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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