Potomac Diversion, a War Memorial

Potomac Diversion, a War Memorial (HM1TXK)

Location: Newburg, MD 20664 Charles County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 22.146', W 76° 57.648'

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Inscription

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

—War of 1812. —

British vessels labored through Kettle Bottom Shoals near here in August 1814 during a diversionary expedition up the Potomac. When Americans destroyed Fort Washington (also called Fort Warburton) without firing a shot, the British proceeded unmolested to defenseless Alexandria.

Descending the Potomac proved harder for vessels loaded down with plunder. Defiant Americans fired from gun batteries at White House, Virginia, and Indian Head, Maryland, during six days called the "Battle of the Potomac."

"Although our main Force should be landed in the Patuxent, yet a Tolerably good Diversion should at the same Time be sent up the Potomac..to distract and divide the Enemy."
Rear Adm. George Cockburn to Vice Adm. Sir Alexander F.I. Cochrane July 17, 1814.

(Inscription under the map in the lower left) The British ships had difficulty maneuvering a shallow section of the Potomac known as Kettle Bottom Shoals, highlighted on this 1813 William Tatham map.

(Inscription bedside the image on the right) Nearby TargetThe British fired on a guard house at Lower Cedar Point August 21, 1814, during the 23-day feint on the Potomac. The previous month local militia repulsed British raiders who burned a tobacco warehouse.
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Details
HM NumberHM1TXK
Series This marker is part of the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail series
Tags
Year Placed2015
Placed By2015 by National Park Service US Department of Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, August 24th, 2016 at 1:05pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 328705 N 4248588
Decimal Degrees38.36910000, -76.96080000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 22.146', W 76° 57.648'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 22' 8.76" N, 76° 57' 38.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 12480 Crain Hwy, Newburg MD 20664, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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