British Naval Blockade and Cape Henry Lighthouse / The War of 1812

British Naval Blockade and Cape Henry Lighthouse / The War of 1812 (HM1RYX)

Location: Virginia Beach, VA 23459
Country: United States of America

N 36° 55.545', W 76° 0.447'

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British Naval Blockade and Cape Henry Lighthouse

During the War of 1812, a British naval blockade along much of the U.S. East Coast disrupted foreign trade and interfered with commerce. On 4 Feb. 1813, the blockade was extended to the Chesapeake Bay. At that time, the light at the Cape Henry Lighthouse was extinguished to prevent British ships from using it as a navigational aid.
The British attacked the lighthouse early in Feb. 1813, and thereafter British scouting parties often visited the area to obtain fresh water from local wells. On 14 July 1813, Capt. Richard Lawson of the Princess Anne militia captured 20 British marines nearby.


The War of 1812


Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America's War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay and from British troops' plundering the countryside by the Bay and along the James, Rappahannock, and Potomac rivers. The Virginia militia deflected a British attempt to take Norfolk in 1813, and engaged British forces throughout the war. By the end of the war, more than 2000 enslaved African Americans in Virginia had gained their freedom aboard British ships.
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Details
HM NumberHM1RYX
Marker NumberKV-17
Year Placed2015
Placed ByDepartment of Historic Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, April 28th, 2016 at 9:01pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 410272 N 4087109
Decimal Degrees36.92575000, -76.00745000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 55.545', W 76° 0.447'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 55' 32.7" N, 76° 0' 26.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 583 Atlantic Ave, Virginia Beach VA 23459, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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