Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango

Volcanos Fuego and Acatenango (HM1QQ8)

Location: Antigua Guatemala, Sacatepéquez
Country: Guatemala

N 14° 33.155', W 90° 43.374'

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Volcán Fuego
El Volcán de Fuego, izquierdo en la fotografía, forma parte de la Cadena Volcánica del periodo Cuaternario de Guatemala, que cruza completamente el país en forma paralela a la Costa del Océano Pacífico. Tiene edad aproximada de 8500 años y está catalogado como uno de la más activos del mundo, ya que en tiempos históricos ha hecho al menos 60 erupciones. Se ubica al sur del Volcán Acatenango y dista 45 kilómetros en línea recta de la ciudad de Guatemala. Su posición geográfico está dada por las coordenadas: Lat. 14°28.9'N; long. 90°52.9'W y tiene una altura de 3,763 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Por su forma y estructura se clasifica como un estrato-volcán o cono compuesto, es decir, formado por capas alternas de escoria y coladas de lava. Solamente se conoce un cráter, el cual se ubica en su cima. Tiene una forma cónica con laderas muy inclinadas que descienden uniformamente hasta la base, con excepción del flanco norte que está cortado por una estructura antigua llamada comúnmente "La Meseta". Constituye el centro eruptivo más reciente de un complejo volcánico que tiene una orientación norte-sur y que inició a formarse hace 84,000 a 43,000 años. Por todos sus flancos está cubierto por una densa vegetación, hasta unos 3,000 metros de altura, y por arriba de ésta, ha sido removida por la erosión y/o por la actividad volcánica. Antes de 1932 la cima tenía forma de pico y durante la erupción de ese año, la cúspide se derrumbó, disminuyendo en casi 80 metros su altura y formando un amplio cráter con una cresta dentada y aguda en la mayor parte noreste, en donde se formó una brecha por la que ha fluido la lava de erupciones posteriores. El cráter se ha llenado y vaciado de manera periódica, conforme se produce el aporte de lava de las erupciones. El más reciente llenado del cráter se produjo entre enero y marzo del año 2002, coincidiendo con un incremento en la actividad. A partir de febrero de 2002, la lava comenzó a desbordarse hacia el flanco este del cráter y a partir de agosto del mismo año, también hacia el flanco suroreste (sic, sureste).
Volcán Acatenango
El Volcán Acatenango, derecho en la fotografía, se encuentra activo actualmente a pesar que su última erupción fue en 1972. En 1981 los geólogos subieron a la cima y reportaron un fuerte olor a azufre pero sin fumarolas visibles. De acuerdo a las características de erupción, es un volcán de tipo estratovolcano con una altura de 1,976 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Cuenta una leyenda que las personas que vivían en el pueblo de Acatenango veían un espíritu caminando cerca del volcán. Un día un grupo de personas lo molestaron y nunca se le volvió a ver; unos días después el volcán hizo erupción. English:
Volcano Fuego
The Volcano Fuego, to the left in the photograph, is part of the Volcanic Chain of Guatemala's Quaternary Period, which completely traverses the country parallel to the Pacific coast. It is approximately 8500 years old and is catalogued as one of the most active in the world, because it is known this volcano has had at least 60 eruptions in historic times. The Fuego is located to the south of the Acatenango volcano and is 45 kilometers from Guatemala City, as the crow flies. Its geographical position is given by the coordinates: Lat. 14°28.9'N; long. 90°52.9'W and it has an altitude of 3,763 meters over sea level. Because of its shape and structure, it is classified as a stratovolcano or compound cone. That is, formed of alternate layers of scoria and lava. Only one crater is known, located at the top. It has a conical shape with very steep slopes that descend evenly towards the base, with the exception of the northern side, where it is cut by an old structure commonly known as "La Meseta". It constitutes the most recent eruptive center of a volcanic complex that has a north-south orientation and began forming 84,000 to 43,000 years ago. It is covered by thick vegetation on all its sides, up to about 3,000 meters. Above that, vegetation has been removed by erosion or volcanic activity. Before 1932, the top had the shape of a peak but, during that year's eruption, the top collapsed, decreasing almost 80 meters in height and forming a wide crater with a dented and pointed crest on the northeastern side, where a breccia was formed allowing lava from later eruptions to flow. On different occasions the crater has been periodically filled and emptied, as lava is produced. The most recent filling of the crater happened between January and March of 2002, coinciding with an increase in activity. As of February 2002, the lava began to overflow towards the eastern side of the crater and in August of that year it started to overflow towards the southeastern side.
Volcano Acatenango
The Volcano Acatenango, to the right in the photograph, at present is active, even though its last eruption was in 1972. In 1981 the geologists climbed all the way to the top and reported a strong sulfuric smell, but without visible fumaroles. Because of the type of its eruptions, the Acatenango Volcano is classified as a stratovolcano, with an elevation of 3,976 meters over sea level. There is a legend telling that people who lived in the Acatenango village saw a spirit walking near the volcano. One day a group of persons teased the spirit and they were never seen again; a few days later, the volcano erupted.
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Details
HM NumberHM1QQ8
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, February 14th, 2016 at 9:01pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15P E 745363 N 1610066
Decimal Degrees14.55258333, -90.72290000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 14° 33.155', W 90° 43.374'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds14° 33' 9.3" N, 90° 43' 22.44" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Antigua Guatemala Sacatepéquez , GT
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