Church of Santiago

Church of Santiago (HM1QDH)

Location: Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal 06900
Country: Mexico

N 19° 27.074', W 99° 8.193'

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Iglesia de Santiago

La primera iglesia dedicada al Apóstol Santiago fue edificada en Tlatelolco inmediatamente después de la conquista militar. Algunos españoles afirmaron que durante las batallas, al aparición del Santo Santiago fue determinante para alcanzar la victoria.Después de dos primeras construcciones, el edificio actual del Templo de Santiago fue inaugurado por Fray Juan de Torquemada en 1610. Como resultado de la guerra de Reforma, el templo de Santiago sufrió enormes saqueos. Posteriormente, en el Porfiriato, se convirtió en almacén de explosivos de los Ferrocarriles Nacionales. En 1948 fue rehabilitado como templo católico y puesto en funciones bajo la orden de sus fundadores, los franciscanos. El templo, en forma de cruz, tiene una clara reminiscencia medieval europea. Su portada oeste está dividida en tres segmentos, siendo el tercero donde estaba el receptáculo del Santo Patrono. La fachada norte ostenta símbolos indígenas novohispanos, en la parte baja, aparece flanqueando cada lado del acceso, un receptáculo para santos, con molduras a manera de columnas que soportan el segundo segmento. El él aparece la escultura de Santiago. En los extremos, existen floreros que tienen la particularidad de tener escarificaciones. El frontón de forma triangular ostenta en su parte baja, sobre la imagen del santo, una serie de ortas con escarificaciones, que son el símbolo de Tlatelolco, "El montículo de arena" colocado de manera inversa. Dentro del frontón aparece un escudo ovalado que contiene los estigmas de San Francisco y por detrás de él, aparece flechas y macanas indígenas. Finalmente, ocupando el vértice superior, aparece un águila sujetando el escudo que sin duda, se trata del emblema del señorío México-Tlatelolco. English:The first church dedicated to the Apostle Santiago was the one built at Tlatelolco immediately after the military conquest. Some Spaniards affirmed that during the battles, the appearance of San Santiago (St. James) was decisive in winning the victory. After the first two constructions, the current Church of Santiago was inaugurated by Friar Juan de Torquemada in 1610. As a result of the Reform war, there was a tremendous amount of looting at the church. Later, during the regime of Porfirio Díaz, it was converted into a warehouse for explosives for the National Railroad company. In 1948, it was rehabilitated as a Catholic Church and functioned under the religious order of its founders, the Franciscans. The Church, with its layout in the form of a cross, is clearly reminiscent of medieval Europe. The western entrance is divided into three segments, the third holding the receptacle of the patron saint. The northern facade bears indigenous symbols wrought in New Spain. On the lower part, on each side of the entrance, there is a receptacle for saints, with column moldings supporting the second segment. The sculpture of Santiago appears in this segment. On each end, there are vases distinguished by scarifications. On the lower part of the triangular pediment over the image of the saint, there is a series of orles with scarifications, which are symbolic of Tlatelolco, the inverse "mound of sand". Inside the pediment there is an oval shaped shield containing the stigmata of San Francisco (St. Francis) with indigenous arrows and clubs behind it. On the upper vertex is an eagle with the shield, most certainly the emblem of the city-state of Mexico-Tlatelolco.
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Details
HM NumberHM1QDH
Tags
Placed ByConaculta-INAH
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, January 5th, 2016 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 485667 N 2150762
Decimal Degrees19.45123333, -99.13655000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 27.074', W 99° 8.193'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 27' 4.44" N, 99° 8' 11.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 98D Almacenes, Ciudad de México Distrito Federal 06900, MX
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