The Great Base: findings upon findings

The Great Base: findings upon findings (HM1QCY)

Location: Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal 06900
Country: Mexico

N 19° 27.095', W 99° 8.271'

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El Gran Basamento: hallazgos sobre hallazgos

El hecho de que los arqueólogos excaven despacio, es porque deben ir identificando las distintas capas que pertenecen a épocas diferentes. Por ejemplo, en el caso de Tlatelolco, la ciudad y los edificios fueron construidos uno sobre otro a través del tiempo. Este edificio está sobre una plataforma que se extiende hacia el frente, donde tiene tres peldaños de acceso. El piso de esta plataforma corresponde a la cuarta etapa constructiva del Templo Mayor y pasa por debajo del enorme muro de su sexta etapa. Sin embargo, antes de las construcciones de la tercera etapa del Gran Basamento, los arqueólogos descubrieron una enorme fosa común de la época de Nueva España con restos de más de 210 individuos. Esto significa que después de la conquista, la gente hizo un pozo para enterrar a sus muertos alterando las capas anteriores. Por su ubicación y características, es possible que el Gran Basamento haya funcionado como el Recinto de la élite militar Tlatelolca, igual a la Casa de la Águilas que está ubicado en Tenochtitlan. Pie de dibujos:En la época de la Nueva España (Siglo XVI), los conquistadores hicieron una excavación que fue utilizada como fosa común, alterando así las capas estratigráficas de origen prehispánico. Éste es un ejemplo de cómo el arqueólogo debe descifrar que dos objetos encontrados a la misma profundidad, no necesariamente tienen la misma antigüedad. Entierro encontrado durante las recientes excavaciones. Foto: Miguel MarínEnglish:The fact that archeologists excavate slowly is because they must continue to identify the different layers that belong to different time periods. For example, in the case of Tlatelolco, the city and buildings were constructed on top of one another over time.This building is located on top of a platform that extends forward, where it exhibits three entrance stairs. This platform's floor was constructed at the same time as the fourth building stage of the Main Temple and is underneath the enormous wall of its sixth stage. However, before the third stage construction of the Great Base, archaeologist discovered a huge grave typical of the New Spain Period containing the remains of more than 210 individuals. This means that after conquest occurred, people made a hole to bury the dead, which disturbed the previous layers. Because of its location and characteristics, it is possible that the Great Base has served as the Sanctuary of the Tlatelolca military elite, just like the House of Eagles, which is located in Tenochtitlan.English translation of the captions:During the period of New Spain (16th century) the conquistadors made an excavation that was used as a common grave, altering the normal soil layers of prehispanic origin. This is an example of the analysis that an archaeologist must do when two objects found at the same depth don't necessarily have the same age. A burial found during recent excavations. Photo: Miguel Marín
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Details
HM NumberHM1QCY
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, January 4th, 2016 at 1:04pm PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 485530 N 2150801
Decimal Degrees19.45158333, -99.13785000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 27.095', W 99° 8.271'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 27' 5.7000" N, 99° 8' 16.2600" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4025 Lázaro Cárdenas, Ciudad de México Distrito Federal 06900, MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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