The Calendar Temple

The Calendar Temple (HM1QBY)

Location: Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal 06300
Country: Mexico

N 19° 27.049', W 99° 8.255'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 224 views
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Inscription

El Templo Calendárico

Los mexicas poseían dos calendarios: el xiuhpohualli (solar de 365 días) y el tonalpohualli (ritual de 260 días) ambos utilizaban los mismos 20 nombres de los días. Y para nombrar cada día, utilizaban 20 signos con nombres de dioses, plantas, animales y objetos que eran combinados con los números. Así el primer calendario se dividió en 18 meses de 20 días y al cabo de 360 días agregaban 5 días más llamados nemontemi (nefastos). El Tonalpohualli constaba de 20 meses de 13 días cada uno ("semanas"). La razón por la cual este edificio es conocido como Templo Calendárico, es porque las tres fachadas secundarias: norte, este y sur están decoradas con un panel de trece cajones, que tienen grabados los días del calendario mexica, ordenados de acuerdo a las tres primeras trecenas del calendario ritual. En 1989, los arqueólogos descubrieron una pintura mural en donde se representó a la pareja de ancianos del Tiempo: Cipactónal y Oxomoco, acompañados con la representación de cuarta trecena, pintada a manera de códice, de abajo hacia arriba y de derecha a izquierda. Este edificio tiene el glifo 2 Técpatl marcarndo la fecha de su inauguración, que corresponde al año 1468 dne. Pie de dibujo:¿Cómo funcionaba el calendario? Por ejemplo, el primer dia era Uno Cipactli, Dos Ehécatl, Tres Calli y así sucesivamente hasta el Trece Ácatl; momento en que los números comenzaban de nuevo: Uno Océlotl. Por ello, un dia con el mismo numeral y signo se repetía sólo cada año. La conjunción de ambos calendarios en el dia 1 Cipactli sólo sucedía cada 52 años. (Dibujos de los símbolos de los días y un dibujo de los dioses Oxomoco y Cipactónal con glifos de días a su alrededor.)English:The Mexicas possessed two calendars: the Xiuhpohualli (solar calendar of 365 days) and the Tonalpohualli (ritual calendar of 260 days) both used the same 20 day names, and to name each they used signs with the namges of gods, plants, animals and objects that were combined with numbers. This is how the first calendar was divided in 18 months consisting of 20 days each and by the end of the 360 days they added 5 more days called nemontemi (disastrous). The Tonalpohualli calendar consisted of 20 months with 13 days in each month ("weeks"). The reason why the building is known as the Calendar Temple is because the three secondary facades: the north, south and east façade are all decorated with a thirteen slot panels that have the day of the Mexica calendar encrypted in them, each of these are ordered based on the first three thirteen day weeks of the ritual calendar. In 1989, archaeologists discovered a mural painting where the elderly couple, creators of the temple (sic, Time), was represented: Cipactónal and Oxmoco, accompanied by the representation of the fourth "trecena" (13 day week), painted in a codex manner, from bottom to top and from right to left. This building has the glyph of two Técpatl signaling the date of its inauguration, which is the year 1468. English translation of captions:How did the calendar work? For example, the first day was One Cipactli, then Two Ehécatl, then Three Calli and so on until 13 Ácatl; at this point the numbers start over again: One Océlotl. That is why a day with the same number and sign only repeats once a year. The conjunction of both calendars on the day 1 Cipactli only happens every 52 years.(Drawings of the day symbol glyphs and a drawing of the gods Oxomoco and Cipactónal surrounded by day glyphs.)
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Details
HM NumberHM1QBY
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, January 4th, 2016 at 9:01am PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14Q E 485558 N 2150716
Decimal Degrees19.45081667, -99.13758333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 19° 27.049', W 99° 8.255'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds19° 27' 2.94" N, 99° 8' 15.3" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 282 Lázaro Cárdenas, Ciudad de México Distrito Federal 06300, MX
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. This marker needs at least one picture.
  2. Is this marker part of a series?
  3. What historical period does the marker represent?
  4. What historical place does the marker represent?
  5. What type of marker is it?
  6. What class is the marker?
  7. What style is the marker?
  8. Does the marker have a number?
  9. What year was the marker erected?
  10. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?