The Changing Face of Glen Echo

The Changing Face of Glen Echo (HM1J6)

Location: Glen Echo, MD 20812 Montgomery County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 57.983', W 77° 8.359'

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Lost Attractions.From its beginnings as a National Chautauqua to its years as an amusement park, Glen Echo has experienced countless changes. Some of the old Glen Echo Park remains, but much of it has not survived. Many old amusements, like the Whip, Crystal Pool, and the Coaster Dips no longer exist. But perhaps the most amazing of these lost entertainments was the Chautauqua Amphitheater, later known as "The Funhouse."

The Chautauqua Amphitheater.When Edward and Edwin Baltzley opened Glen Echo as the National Chautauqua in 1891, it included a public assembly hall as one of its principal buildings. The amphitheater, designed by Theophilus P. Chandler of Philadelphia, spanned the valley in front of you, with the creek running underneath it. It was electrically lit and could seat more than 8,000 people. Topped with a dome 250 feet in diameter, the Amphitheater was one of the largest performance spaces in the nation. It was used for, as the Chautauqua curriculum stated, "A series of three first-class lyceum lecture concerts of spectacular entertainments each day." Below the amphitheater lay two stories of stone grottoes, passageways, bridges and alcoves that provided a welcome retreat from the summer heat. Opening day ceremonies were held June 16, 1891.

Vaudeville at Glen Echo.Regretfully, the Chautauqua at Glen Echo did not last long, and by 1892 the extraordinary amphitheater was being used as a stage for other kinds of entertainment. Plays, concerts, prize fights, operas and contests were performed there over the next few years, and by 1897 Vaudeville had become the primary entertainment shown at the amphitheater. According to The Washington Post, it played host to entertainers "including the famous Fadettes, a lady orchestra of twenty-five skilled musicians from Boston...This is supplemented by a number of high-class vaudeville artists ... Van Leer and Barton, ... the Brownings, ... Baker and Randall, ... Caswell and Arnold ... and Emma Francis.

The Funhouse.In 1911, after its short time as a Vaudeville stage, the amphitheater was converted into a funhouse, modeled after Coney Island's famous Steeplechase Park. The funhouse originally included a human roulette wheel, distorting mirrors, a giant slide, and a dozen other amusements. Attractions were periodically added to the funhouse, so that by the time the funhouse closed, it had been home to such entertainments as the Rocking Pigs, the Whirl-i-gig, Crossing The Ice and a new human roulette wheel. The human roulette wheel, later turned into The Tubs, was one of the more popular attractions and was featured in most advertisements for Glen Echo Park. It was a floor level spinning disc, and the point of the ride was to stay in the center of the wheel while it spun faster and faster. When the ride was changed to The Tubs it was sunk into the ground and guests tried to make their way from the edge to the center. Also included in the funhouse were a giant barrel, called the Barrel of Fun, which rolled in place, and a 600 foot track around the top of the building on which guests could ride scooter cars. An operator up in the tower ran and watched the rides down below. He also operated the air vents in the floor, with which he would blow unsuspecting ladies' skirts over their heads.

The End of its Days.Like many amusements at Glen Echo, the funhouse eventually saw the end of its days. In 1948 the midway was closed due to termite damage, and the attractions were removed in 1949. In September 1956, the funhouse was destroyed for good. It was burned down to make room for a 300 space parking lot.
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Details
HM NumberHM1J6
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 1st, 2014 at 9:00pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 314656 N 4315222
Decimal Degrees38.96638333, -77.13931667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 57.983', W 77° 8.359'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 57' 58.98" N, 77° 8' 21.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 305 Clara Barton Pkwy, Glen Echo MD 20812, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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