The Third Battle of Winchester

The Third Battle of Winchester (HM1IG)

Location: Winchester, VA 22603
Country: United States of America

N 39° 11.942', W 78° 7.611'

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Union Victories in the Valley

After the successful attack of the Union Eighth Corps, it was only a matter of time before the Confederates lost the battle. As Confederate Gen. Early consolidated his lines closer and closer to Winchester, his men faced coordinated infantry attacks. Worse still, powerful Union cavalry forces fought their way along the Valley Pike, threatening to surround Early's forces. Although the Southerners offered stubborn resistance at Fort Collier, Star Fort, and from every fenceline and barricade they could find, Early had to choose between retreat and the destruction or capture of his army. By nightfall, the city of Winchester was in Union hands.

The Third Battle of Winchester was the bloodiest battle ever fought in the Shenandoah Valley, producing more casualties than the entire 1862 Valley Campaign. Union Gen. Sheridan lost 12 percent of his army with 5,000 of 39,000 soldiers killed, wounded and missing. Early suffered fewer casualties - 3,500 men - but he lost 25 percent of his army.

After the battle Early's men retreated twenty miles south to Fisher's Hill. On September 22, they were outflanked from their position and forced to retreat again. A Confederate cavalry force was beaten at Tom's Brook, but Early nearly defeated the Army of the Shenandoah at Cedar Creek on October 19. Sheridan organized a powerful counterattack, however, and almost completely destroyed the Army of the Valley. Never again would the Confederates control or even conduct substantial operations in the Shenandoah. Thereafter, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted his focus to forcing Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee out of Richmond. He accomplished this seven months later, effectively ending the war.
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Details
HM NumberHM1IG
Tags
Placed ByCivil War Preservation Trust
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 19th, 2014 at 3:35pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 748113 N 4342797
Decimal Degrees39.19903333, -78.12685000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 11.942', W 78° 7.611'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 11' 56.52" N, 78° 7' 36.66" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540, 703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 215 Averrell Ave, Winchester VA 22603, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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