Rose Hill

Rose Hill (HM1CM)

Location: Front Royal, VA 22630 Warren County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 55.822', W 78° 11.554'

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Inscription

Combat in the Front Yard

— Battle of Front Royal May 23, 1862 —

Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Maryland and Louisiana troops had steadily pushed Col. John R. Kenly's 1st Maryland Infantry (US) north, despite occasionally fierce street fighting, until they reached this point. The Confederates halted abruptly when Union artillery and infantry on Richardson's Hill opened fire.

Col. Bradley T. Johnson quickly reorganized his battle line, posting the 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) on the right and Maj. Chatham Roberdeau Wheat's battalion on the left. As the Confederates entered this meadow, they saw a stone wall running from east to west near the foot of Richardson's Hill. They flattened themselves behind it while Union shells raked the open ground in front.

The cannon balls arced over Rose Hill, the home of the widow Richardson and her three daughters directly ahead of you. According to young Sue Richardson's diary, the cannon fire so frightened her mother that she became ill: "We carried her to the cellar. Our yard was full of our soldiers. Major Wheat gave orders from the yard.... We all worked hard that night feeding hundreds of soldiers."

The Southern artillery, positioned on the Randolph Macon Academy ridge west of Front Royal, was too far away to neutralize the Union guns. For the moment, the Confederate advance had stopped.
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Details
HM NumberHM1CM
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 2:45am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 743359 N 4312797
Decimal Degrees38.93036667, -78.19256667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 55.822', W 78° 11.554'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 55' 49.32" N, 78° 11' 33.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540, 703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 901-999 Warren Ave, Front Royal VA 22630, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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