The Ohio & Erie Canal in Warwick Township

The Ohio & Erie Canal in Warwick Township (HM1BM)

Location: Gnadenhutten, OH 44629 Tuscarawas County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 23.571', W 81° 24.471'

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Inscription
The greatest engineering achievement in Ohio during the pre-railroad era, the Ohio & Erie Canal traversed nearly six miles of Warwick Township. Completed in 1830, the canal brought prosperity to the village of Trenton (now Tuscarawas) and to township farmers and merchants. Several warehouses were built at Trenton, serving as shipping points for the area's agricultural and mineral products to new, distant markets throughout Ohio and the region.

The canal served other uses besides transportation. Mills and factories leased water rights from the state. During the winter months, ice was cut from the canal and stored for year-round use by stores and taverns. The canal also provided entertainment and recreation-fishing, boating, swimming, ice skating, and picnicking-to area residents.

Upper Trenton Lock. The Upper Trenton Lock (Lock 15 South) of the Ohio & Erie Canal was built between 1828 and 1829. Originally built of cut sandstone blocks, the lock was named for the Village of Trenton, now Tuscarawas. Lock 16, or Lower Trenton Lock, lies only 800 feet southwest of Lock 15. The lock tender, who lived in a house on this site, served both locks.

Repeated flood damage prompted reconstruction of Lock 15 in 1907. The deteriorated stonemasonry was completely replaced with concrete at a cost of $6,815. The old stone was used to shore up the towpath. Use of the state-owned canal had declined significantly by this point, and the great flood of 1913 brought the canal era to an end in Ohio.
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Details
HM NumberHM1BM
Series This marker is part of the Ohio and Erie Canal series, and the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series.
Tags
Marker Number12-79
Year Placed2001
Placed ByThe Warwick Lions Club, The Rosenberry Foundation, The Tuscarawas County Historical Society, The Village of Toscarawas, The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 20th, 2014 at 10:47am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 465386 N 4471441
Decimal Degrees40.39285000, -81.40785000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 23.571', W 81° 24.471'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 23' 34.26" N, 81° 24' 28.26" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5900-6998 OH-416, Gnadenhutten OH 44629, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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