The Ohio-Erie Canal In Tuscarawas County

The Ohio-Erie Canal In Tuscarawas County (HM1BE)

Location: New Philadelphia, OH 44663 Tuscarawas County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 28.592', W 81° 26.589'

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Inscription
1825-1913. Seeking an alternative transportation route to distant markets, many farmers and manufacturers in Ohio wanted to connect the Ohio River to Lake Erie with a canal. Beginning in Cleveland the Ohio-Erie Canal ran south, the length of the state, to Portsmouth. The canal was a total of 308 miles long, 40 feet wide at the surface, and 4 feet deep. The Ohio-Erie Canal opened for traffic along its entire length in 1832 and consequently effected great change. Population along the canal increased, and commercial, political, and industrial growth in Ohio boomed. Products grown and manufactured in this previously isolated region now had access to world markets. Profits for farmers and merchants increased, and the entire state economy was bolstered. With the rise of railroads in the 1860s, however, canals were destined to become obsolete because the railroad was a faster and more dependable means of transportation. The canal system ceased to operate altogether after a disastrous flood in 1913.

The section of the Ohio-Erie Canal that ran through Tuscarawas County began at Summit Lake near Barberton and ran through the county to Dresden. This was a drop in elevation of 238 feet in less than 109 miles. The canal crossed the Tuscarawas River and the Tuscarawas County line on an aqueduct north of Zoar, and ran from Lock 7 in Zoar to Newcomerstown, where it leaves the county below Lock 21. A total of 15 locks were in Tuscarawas County. You are standing in front of Lock 13.
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Details
HM NumberHM1BE
Series This marker is part of the Ohio and Erie Canal series, and the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series.
Tags
Marker Number5-79
Year Placed1995
Placed ByTuscarawas County Historical Society and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 16th, 2014 at 6:25am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 462437 N 4480744
Decimal Degrees40.47653333, -81.44315000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 28.592', W 81° 26.589'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 28' 35.52" N, 81° 26' 35.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)330, 740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 685-863 OH-416, New Philadelphia OH 44663, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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