City Hall

City Hall (HM187)

Location: Frederick, MD 21701 Frederick County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 24.958', W 77° 24.754'

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Inscription

Former Frederick County Courthouse

— Antietam Campaign 1862 —

Connections with the Civil War abound around this Courthouse Square, where the first official act of defiance against the British crown - the 1765 Stamp Act Repudiation - occurred almost a century earlier. In 1857, Roger Brooke Taney, Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court and a former resident who is buried in Frederick, wrote in the Dread Scott Decision that the Constitution's freedoms did not extend to African-Americans, one of the steps on the road to war. Taney and his brother-in-law, Francis Scott Key, both practiced law here. A bust here honors the Chief Justice who administered the Oath of Office to seven presidents, including Abraham Lincoln in 1861.

Governor Thomas Hicks called a special session of the Maryland Legislature in 1861 to address the question of secession. Because of the large number of US troops in the capital city of Annapolis, the legislature met here at the site of the former Frederick County courthouse. Finding the space inadequate, the lawmakers convened a block away in Kemp Hall. Under orders from President Lincoln, legislators likely to favor the South were detained in route. With no quorum, Maryland's legislature could not vote to secede. The courthouse burned during the session, and the legislature promptly authorized financing to construct the present building, now City Hall.

Both Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and President Lincoln were visitors to this neighborhood in 1862.

The reconstructed home of Barbara Fritchie, poet John Greenleaf Whittier's Civil War heroine, is reached by traveling one block south on Court Street, then one block west on Patrick Street.
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Details
HM NumberHM187
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 5th, 2014 at 9:42am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 292308 N 4365715
Decimal Degrees39.41596667, -77.41256667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 24.958', W 77° 24.754'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 24' 57.48" N, 77° 24' 45.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 410, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 100-198 Council St, Frederick MD 21701, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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