Brentsville -Tavern Cellar

Brentsville -Tavern Cellar (HM182)

Location: Bristow, VA 20136 Prince William County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 41.384', W 77° 30.054'

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Inscription
Here, you can see the edges of a large depression. It is located inside ropes that mark the Tavern's foundation. This feature was one of two cellars underneath the ca. 1822 Tavern building. These cellars were beneath two rooms that flanked the central passageway.

When owner Thomas R. Hampton advertised the sale of the Brentsville Tavern in 1828, he noted that two rooms "?have been well fitted up as a store and counting room with a large cellar underneath?". * This may be the cellar that Hampton mentioned. It was likely accessed through an interior stairway and an exterior bulkhead.
* Alexandria Gazette, 22 November, 1828

(sidebar)Please help protect this important historic resource. Metal detecting, collecting and other destructive activities are prohibited. Thank you.

Preservation

By the early 1900s, little of the Tavern building remained. Most walls had collapsed. Many of the large features (cellars and pits) had been backfilled. This cellar remained open. Over time, debris collected here. Weather, rodents, and people further threatened the site. To preserve the cellar for later study, the Historic Preservation Division lined and filled it with sand in 2006. Archaeologists will be able to remove this sand and excavate the cellar in the future.

(caption for lower, left picture) The cellar feature was visible and vulnerable before it was filled and stabilized in 2006.

(caption for lower, center picture) Rodents burrowing along the cellar foundation exposed bricks and weakened the structure.

(caption for lower, right picture) Workers lined the cellar depression with filter fabric then filled it with sand to preserve the remaining walls.
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Details
HM NumberHM182
Tags
Year Placed2007
Placed ByPrince William County and the Friends of Brentsville Courthouse Historic Centre
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 3rd, 2014 at 11:56pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 282484 N 4285315
Decimal Degrees38.68973333, -77.50090000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 41.384', W 77° 30.054'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 41' 23.04" N, 77° 30' 3.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 12235-12237 VA-619, Bristow VA 20136, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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